A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure where the Uterus is extracted from the pelvis of women, for reasons that endanger their health or even their lives. The Uterus is a muscular body, covered by an inner layer called the endometrium, which responds to hormones secreted by the ovaries.
Among the most common entities that are associated with the realization of a hysterectomy, is the emergence of myomas or fibroids (benign tumors) in the interior of the Uterus, endometrial cancer of the neck or the same (cervix), severe endometriosis (appearance of endometrial tissue lining of the uterus-in different locations to Uterus as wall of the uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes) that causes pain or bleeding, and uterine prolapse (down or exit from the womb by weakness in the muscles that hold), which can cause incontinence Urinary.
Where the transaction involves only the removal of the uterus, the logical consequence is the definitive suspension of menstruation and the total inability of women to become pregnant. However, the ovaries continue to produce estrogen, hormone essential, inter alia, for strengthening the bone and proper lubrication.
The Hysterectomy is the removal of the Uterus and there are different types:
The total hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and cervical stump; can be done vaginally or abdominal, and is currently performed in our center by laparoscopy.
Hysterectomy can be performed through an abdominal incision or through the vagina.
There are very specific medical reasons why the physician choose one or the other. The procedure can be carried out using laparoscopy operational.
When an option is the Hysterectomy:
- Menorrhagia (heavy bleeding that produces anemia)
- Uterine Fibromas
- Pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Endometriosis serious
- Relaxation pelvic (prolapse) (problems with bladder control and fall of the uterus).
- Pre-cancerous conditions.